Rosacea is a chronic, inflammatory skin condition which principally affects the face. Rosacea causes facial redness and produces small, red, pus-filled pustules (bumps). Rosacea worsens with time if left untreated. It is often mistaken for acne or eczema, or some other skin allergy.
Approximately 1 in every 20 Americans – 14 million people – are estimated to be affected with rosacea. As it is frequently misdiagnosed the incidence may be a lot higher. A Gallup survey revealed that 78% of Americans do not know anything about rosacea, its symptoms or what to do about it.
What Causes Rosacea?
Experts are not sure what the exact causes of rosacea are. The following related factors are said to contribute:
Abnormalities in facial blood vessels
Light skin color
Demodex folliculorum (microscopic mite) -Demodex folliculorum lives on human skin and usually causes no problems. However, patients with rosacea have much higher numbers of these mites than others do. Experts do not know whether the mites cause the rosacea, or whether the rosacea causes the overpopulation of the mites – i.e. whether the high population of demodex folliculorum is the cause or the effect of rosacea.
H. pylori bacteria – H. pylori, a bacteria found in the gut, stimulates the production of bradykinin, a protein known to cause blood vessels to dilate. Experts suggest that this bacterium may play a role in the development of rosacea.
Family history (inheritance, genes) – 30% to 40% of patients with rosacea have a close relative with the condition.
Best Treatments For Rosacea & Redness
- IPL Photofacial– IPL can safely and effectively reduce dilated blood vessels, persistent redness or flushing, and acne-like breakouts.
- SkinMedica Redness Relief CalmPlex – This treatment moisturizer is designed for those who suffer from chronic or acute, UV-induced redness, and it can also be used by anyone who experiences flushing.
Some factors can aggravate rosacea or make it worse by increasing blood flow to the surface of the skin. Below are some of these factors:
Extremes of temperature
Stress, anxiety, anger, embarrassment
Some medications – such as those for treating high blood pressure
Acute medical conditions – such as a cold, cough, or fever
Some chronic medical conditions – such as hypertension (high blood pressure)
Alcohol – alcohol does not cause rosacea, but it can be a trigger for people with the condition. Rosacea is not caused by alcohol abuse.
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