Blackheads are the result of oxidized oil in the pores causing a black color. Use a brightening antioxidant serum to prevent oil oxidation.
Blackheads Be Gone: 6 Ways To Get Rid Of And Prevent Them From Coming Back
Exfoliating: “Exfoliating is one of the only variables we do have control of when it comes to minimizing the appearance of blackheads,” notes Dannielli. You can use cleansers, brushes and sponges to gently scrub away clogged pores. I recommend using Rhonda Allison Brightening Scrub, it aids in minimizing blackheads when done regularly”. Alternatively, you can use Rhonda Allison Clarifying Beads, which has anti-bacterial properties and will similarly clear out pores.
Clay Masks: “I occasionally recommend facial masks for patients to use for deep cleaning that can in some circumstances help clean out pores, leaving them smoother looking,” says Marcelino, I recommend using Lerosett Clay Mask. LEROSETT® by Gunilla of Sweden® is a professional skin care product for problem skin that has been a favorite for dermatologists and estheticians for over 25 years. LEROSETT® is the world’s best selling clay mask for problem skin and has been called a miracle product by dermatologists and skin care professionals for decades.
Salicylic and Glycolic Acid: “The best way to break down oil in clogged pores is by using beta-hydroxy acid (salicylic) or combination peels containing salicylic acid,” says Marcelino. I recommend using Skinmedica AHA/BHA Cream. “It is lipophilic (attracted to fat/oils) and concentrates at the surface of the pore to dissolve the plugs. Consistent use will prevent the blackheads before they form and help clear existing pores.” Additionally, glycolic acid, an alpha hydroxy acid which is derived from sugar cane, helps clear dead skin and debris on the surface. These two work well in tandem.
Retinoids: The viamin A derivative is “the absolute best way to clear clogged pores and prevent blackheads from forming,” says Marcelino. “Prescription-strength formulations are the most effective, I recommend using Obagi Obagi Tretinoin Cream 1% . These work on receptors in the skin to improve the way skin grows and sheds so that it is less likely to form acne. The outer skin layer (epidermis) evens out and gets thicker while the outer dead layer of keratin material sheds more efficiently. Sometimes there is noticeable peeling but after regular use three to seven times weekly for four to six weeks, the side effects lessen and the skin appears more radiant and clear.
Microdermasbrasion: This professional method “can help a great deal,” say Marcelino. “Your esthetician can also provide chemical peel treatments and comedone extractions which are office-based procedures known to help improve skin texture and appearance.”
What NOT to do: It may take everything in your power, but “the worst approach is to squeeze blackheads,” says Marcelino. “This can make skin inflamed, infected and even cause scarring. Be careful not to use any sharp tools on the skin. Leave that to the professionals!”